Extracting carbon that is already in the atmosphere.
1 Metric Tonne Certificate
Carbon offsets generated by vegetation planting these projects represent an actual emission reduction as opposed to removing an emission already in the atmosphere.
There are two basic types of schemes. The re-establishment of vegetation across a landscape previously cleared or the avoidance of the loss of biomass from a landscape. To be accredited, projects are typically required to remove carbon from the atmosphere for periods of 70 to 100 years.